The history of tattoos is at least 8000 years old.
Tattoo mummies around the world point to the universality of body modification during the millennium, and to the fact that you were actually stuck with it forever if your civilization didn’t get around to inventing laser removal.
A mummy from Chinchoro culture in pre-Inan Peru has a mustache tattooed on her upper lip. Mummified Aikman of Atzi, Alps, has designed a charcoal pattern with her spine, behind the knee, and around her ankles, which may be from early-type acupuncture.
The mummy of Amunet, a priest in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt, is believed to have a tattoo symbolizing sexuality and fertility.
Statues and devices of tattooed people, older than mummies, were probably used for tattooing tens of thousands of years ago.
Tattoos do not have a historical origin point we know, but why do we call English speakers all tattoos? The term is an Anglophonic modification of “data,” a Polynesian term used in Tahiti, where English captain James Cook landed in 1769 and encountered heavily tattooed men and women.
The stories of Cook’s findings and the acquisition of his entourage corroborated our use of “tattoos” on previous words such as “scarring,” “painting,” and “staining” and aroused a craze in Victorian English high society.
We can think of Victorians with such a Victorian outlook, and you can find such sentiments, and even ban adoption throughout history.
But in public some Brits looked down at the tattoo with their noses down, behind closed doors and away from their noses, with many people seeing them.
Reputedly, Queen Victoria had a tiger fighting dragon, and the tattoos became very popular among Cook’s fellow soldiers, who used them to note his travels.
Did you cross the atlantic? Bring an anchor South of the equator? Time for your turtle tots. But Westerners got tattoos long before they met Samoa and Māori in the South Pacific.
The Crusaders received the Jerusalem Cross so that if they were killed in battle, they would receive a Christian burial. Roman soldiers on the Hadrian Wall had military tattoos and called Picts beyond the “pits” for pictures painted on them.
There is also a long tradition of people reluctantly tattooing. The Greeks and Romans adopted slaves and mercenaries to discourage migration and desolation. Criminals in Japan were depicted as such in the 7th century.
Most notoriously, the Nazis put weapons on the chests of Jews and other prisoners at the Auschwitz concentration camp to identify the corpses.
But forced inmates and outgoing tattoos can be redefined as people take ownership of that situation or history. Primo Levi kept Auschwitz alive and wore short sleeves to Germany after the war, to represent his numbers to people of crime.
Today, descendants of some Holocaust survivors have left their relatives numbered on their arms. Tora has rules against tattoos, but what if you want to make indelible that you think you should never forget?
And those criminals and the boycott of Japan, where the tattoo was finally announced since World War II to the mid-19th century, combined the decoration with their punitive tattoos, including woodblock prints, popular literature, and mythological spiritual iconography. Were designed from.
The Yakuza gang saw their outer tattoos as a sign of lifelong loyalty and courage. Eventually, they left forever and were really hurt to get them.
For Māori, those tattoos were an accepted mainstream tradition. If you shy away from the attractive chisel of your moco design, your unfinished tattoo marked your cowardice.
Today, unless you go the traditional route, your tattoo artist will probably use a tattoo machine patented in 1891 by Samuel O’Riley, based on Thomas Edison’s stencil machine.
But with the incredibly extensive history of tattoos you are being given so many options, what are you going to get? It is a bold-lined expression of who you are, or who you want to be.
As Cook’s sailor stated, “Everyone is marked, thus in different parts of his body, perhaps according to his humor or the various circumstances of his life.”
Maybe your special humor and circumstances suggest to be a symbol of cultural heritage, a sign of spirituality, sexual energy, etc. This is your expression, your body, so this is your call.
What makes tattoos permanent ?
Tattoos are often presented in popular media as a mark of the face of a dangerous and frightening or fashionable youth.
But when tattoo styles come and go, and their meaning has varied greatly across cultures, the practice is as old as civilization.
Traces of ornamental skin have been found in human remains around the world, the oldest one being found on Peruvian mummies dating back to 6,000 BC.
But have you ever wondered how tattooing actually works? You can know that we shed our skin, losing about 30-40,000 skin cells per hour. This is around 1,000,000 per day.
So, how is the tattoo not going slowly along with them? The simple answer to this is that tattooing involves getting the pigment deeper into the skin than the outermost layer that sheds.
Throughout history, different cultures have used different methods to accomplish this.
But the model of the first modern tattooing machine after Thomas Edison’s engraving machine was designed and powered by electricity.
Tattoo machines used today inject small needles, with dye, into the skin at a frequency of 50 to 3,000 times per minute.
The needle pierces through the epidermis, allowing the ink to seep deep into the dermis, which is made up of collagen fibers, nerves, glands, blood vessels, and more.
Each time a needle is penetrated, it causes a wound that alerts the body to begin the inflammatory process, invoking the cells of the immune system at the wound site to begin repairing the skin.
And this is the very process that makes the tattoo permanent. First, specialized cells called macrophages eat the invasive material in an attempt to clean up the inflammatory mess.
As these cells travel through the lymphatic system, some of them are transported back to the lymph nodes with a dye-filled stomach, while others remain in the dermis.
With no way for the pigment to dispose, their inner colors are visible through the skin. Some particles of ink are also suspended in the gel-like matrix of the dermis, while others are called fibroblasts by the derma cells.
Initially, the ink is also deposited in the epidermis, but as the skin heals, damaged epidermal cells are shed and replaced with new, dye-free cells with the uppermost layer peeling off like a healing sunburn. is done.
Blistering or crusting is not commonly seen with professional tattoos and requires 2–4 weeks for complete epidermal regeneration, during which additional sun exposure and swimming should be avoided to prevent fading.
However, cutaneous cells persist until they die. When they do, they are taken up, by ink and all, small cells nearby, so the ink stays where it is.
But over time, the tattoo naturally fades as the body reacts to foreign pigment particles, gradually breaking them down and closing them by macrophages of the immune system.
Ultraviolet radiation may also contribute to the breakdown of this pigment, although this can be reduced by the use of sunblock.
But since dermal cells are relatively stable, the majority of ink will remain deep in the skin for a person’s entire life.
But if tattoos are embedded in your skin for life, is there a way to erase them? Technically, yes.
Today, a laser is used to penetrate the epidermis and explode in addition to the underlying pigment colors of different wavelengths, which are the easiest targets for black.
The laser beam breaks the ink globules into smaller particles that can then be cleaned by macrophages.
But some color inks are harder to remove than others, and may have complications. For this reason, removing a tattoo is still more difficult than obtaining one, but not impossible.
So a single tattoo may not actually last forever, but the tattoo has been around longer than in any current culture. And their continued popularity means that the art of tattooing is here to stay.
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